Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Maps and Geographic Information Systems

Basic information about Maps and Geographic Information Systems (GIS)



"A book of maps, charts, or tables."

Citation:  "atlas." The Penguin English Dictionary. London: Penguin, 2007. Credo Reference. Web. 09 April 2012.


"Cartography is the art, the skill, and the science of making maps."

Citation:  "Cartography." Encyclopedia of Geography Terms, Themes, and Concepts. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2010. Credo Reference. Web. 09 April 2012.


"A software product, acquired to perform a set of well-defined functions (GIS software); digital representations of aspects of the world (GIS data); a community of people who use these tools for various purposes (the GIS community); and the activity of using GIS to solve problems or advance science (geographic information science)."

Citation:  Longley, Paul A. "Geographic Information Systems (GIS)." Encyclopedia of Geographic Information Science. Ed. . Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, 2007. 191-95. SAGE Reference Online. Web. 9 Apr. 2012.


"Conventionalized representation of spatial phenomena on a plane surface."

Citation:  "map." The Columbia Encyclopedia. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008. Credo Reference. Web. 09 April 2012.

Guide Note

Guide adapted from

Maps and GIS LibGuide
by Robin K. Dillow